Management of government schools in Sindh has had serious concerns and challenges resulting into declining standard of education in Sindh. Management of schools at primary level has been one of the serious challenges faced by the Education Department, with no permanent position of head teacher, skewed distribution of teachers, and abundance of no room-, single/two teacher/room schools. As a result, teacher absenteeism is high with needy schools with no or fewer teachers available. Supervision on even periodic basis is no longer practised. Most schools have school management committees but they hardly supervise schools. In addition the capacity of the education managers working at various levels – Head Teacher to District Officers – is very low calling for overhauling of the education management.
The survey and consultations suggest that many of the positions overlap and need to be changed in focus. One of the major contributing factors has been the appointments to the post of responsibility without assessing the suitability of the personnel to education management. This situation is made worse by the absence of proper job descriptions for the posts.
There are no sanctioned 'head-teacher' positions for primary, middle and elementary schools (90% of total schools) in Sindh. The situation renders schools ineffective as the role of school leadership is the most critical factor in the performance of the schools. Secondly, standards and competencies for head-teachers do not exist.
No institutionalized leadership development program or professional support system is available to build the capacity of the managers/officers for improving the service delivery. Training Policy also does not exist. No continuous professional development strategy exists. There is still a need for introduction of education leadership cadre (Ed Management Service) to help improve the governance and accountability mechanism.
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